OIE Report:

Information received on
26/11/2009

from
Dr Tjeppy D. Soedjana, Director General, Direction General of Livestock, Ministry of Agriculture, Jakarta, Indonesia

Summary Report type
Immediate notification

 

Start date
27/08/2009

Date of first confirmation of the event
15/09/2009

Report date
26/11/2009

Date submitted to OIE
26/11/2009

Reason for notification
Emerging disease

Morbidity
1 scale05

Mortality
0 scale05

Zoonotic impact
No

Causal agent
Pandemic influenza A/H1N1 virus

New outbreaks
Outbreak 1 PT Indotirta Suaka, Bulan Island, Batam, KEPULAUAN RIAU

Date of start of the outbreak
27/08/2009

Outbreak status
Continuing (or date resolved not provided)

Epidemiological unit
Farm

Affected animals Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
Swine 250000 0 0 0

Summary of outbreaks
Total outbreaks: 1

Outbreak statistics Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate  Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Swine ** 0.00% ** 0.00%

* Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
** Not calculated because of missing information

EpidemiologySource of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
Unknown or inconclusive

Epidemiological comments
Outbreak investigation has been conducted by Disease Investigation Center, Region II, Bukittinggi. 180 nasal swabs and serum samples were collected in pigs in the breeder, weaner and farrow/finishing units. 33 samples were positive for influenza A and divided on 11 pool samples, which were sent to the Indonesian Research Center for Veterinary Sciences and to the Australian Animal Health Laboratory for advanced tests. 6 samples were positive for pandemic influenza A/H1N1. The Ministry of Agriculture officially declared on 23 November 2009 that an outbreak of pandemic influenza A/H1N1 occurs in pigs.

Control measuresMeasures applied
Quarantine

Movement control inside the country
Screening
No vaccination
No treatment of affected animals

Measures to be applied
No other measures

Diagnostic test resultsLaboratory name and type
Australian Animal Health Laboratory, Geelong (National laboratory)

Tests and results Species Test Test date Result
Swine real-time PCR 09/11/2009 Positive
Swine reverse transcription – polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 09/11/2009 Positive

Laboratory name and type Disease
Investigation Center, Region II, Bukittinggi (National laboratory)

Tests and results Species Test Test date Result
Swine real-time PCR 15/09/2009 Positive
Swine reverse transcription – polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 15/09/2009 Positive

Laboratory name and type
Indonesian Research Center for Veterinary Sciences (National laboratory)

Tests and results Species Test Test date Result
Swine real-time PCR 20/10/2009 Positive
Swine reverse transcription – polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 20/10/2009 Positive

OIE Report:

Information received on
26/11/2009

from
Dr Tjeppy D. Soedjana, Director General, Direction General of Livestock, Ministry of Agriculture, Jakarta, Indonesia

Summary Report type
Immediate notification

 

Start date
27/08/2009

Date of first confirmation of the event
15/09/2009

Report date
26/11/2009

Date submitted to OIE
26/11/2009

Reason for notification
Emerging disease

Morbidity
1 scale05

Mortality
0 scale05

Zoonotic impact
No

Causal agent
Pandemic influenza A/H1N1 virus

New outbreaks
Outbreak 1 PT Indotirta Suaka, Bulan Island, Batam, KEPULAUAN RIAU

Date of start of the outbreak
27/08/2009

Outbreak status
Continuing (or date resolved not provided)

Epidemiological unit
Farm

Affected animals Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
Swine 250000 0 0 0

Summary of outbreaks
Total outbreaks: 1

Outbreak statistics Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate  Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Swine ** 0.00% ** 0.00%

* Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
** Not calculated because of missing information

EpidemiologySource of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
Unknown or inconclusive

Epidemiological comments
Outbreak investigation has been conducted by Disease Investigation Center, Region II, Bukittinggi. 180 nasal swabs and serum samples were collected in pigs in the breeder, weaner and farrow/finishing units. 33 samples were positive for influenza A and divided on 11 pool samples, which were sent to the Indonesian Research Center for Veterinary Sciences and to the Australian Animal Health Laboratory for advanced tests. 6 samples were positive for pandemic influenza A/H1N1. The Ministry of Agriculture officially declared on 23 November 2009 that an outbreak of pandemic influenza A/H1N1 occurs in pigs.

Control measuresMeasures applied
Quarantine

Movement control inside the country
Screening
No vaccination
No treatment of affected animals

Measures to be applied
No other measures

Diagnostic test resultsLaboratory name and type
Australian Animal Health Laboratory, Geelong (National laboratory)

Tests and results Species Test Test date Result
Swine real-time PCR 09/11/2009 Positive
Swine reverse transcription – polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 09/11/2009 Positive

Laboratory name and type Disease
Investigation Center, Region II, Bukittinggi (National laboratory)

Tests and results Species Test Test date Result
Swine real-time PCR 15/09/2009 Positive
Swine reverse transcription – polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 15/09/2009 Positive

Laboratory name and type
Indonesian Research Center for Veterinary Sciences (National laboratory)

Tests and results Species Test Test date Result
Swine real-time PCR 20/10/2009 Positive
Swine reverse transcription – polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 20/10/2009 Positive

http://www.oie.int/wahis/public.php?page=single_report&pop=1&reportid=8696

 

Pig Flu Had Finally Arrived In South-East Sulawesi

Kendari | Sat November 28 2009

The spreading of the virus of pig flu in Indonesia continued to continue and to for the first time enter the South-East Sulawesi territory (Sultra). A livestock breeding region was in the Uepai Subdistrict, Konawe Regency, reported has infected the virus H1N1 and was estimated spread to the poultry.

Section Head Agriculture South-East Sulawesi Mansur who also supervised the livestock breeding field acknowledged if the case of pig flu has spread in pig livestock breeding belonging to villagers Langgomea.

“His official results we have received from the Great Veterinary Hall (Balivet) Maros that stated one from 24 samples that were sent by us contained the virus H1N1,” Mansur words were experienced in Meeting gaps of the Meeting Coordinate Carry Out Program Develoment Budget Year 2009 in Kendari, on Wednesday (25/11).

The sample of this pig was taken from a pig breeder named I Wayan Mangka in the settlement region of transmigration, Konawe, that was occupied by the transmigrant from Bali. This breeder reported to the local livestock breeding service after seeing the condition for the health of his pig descended and showed the sign of flu.

This report was followed up by taking the sample in this region and evidently positive results. Mansur said, his side ordered so that the region that infected that was carried out by spraying disinfectant and was carried out by the isolation as far as the radius 200 metre.

“All the available animals in radius that might not go out. Likewise was the reverse, animals might not outside the radius enter to prevent the occurrence of the spread,” said Mansur.

He worried, the virus spread to the poultry so as the attack will be far more dangerous. The concern emerged considering, extension time of the sample of taking through to the announcement produced by the testing of the laboratory took up time till 10 days more.

In time extension that for quite a long time this, was estimated several poultries already infected so as the policy of the isolation was at once applied.

In relation to the potential for the spreading, Mansur said, basically the spreading of the quite small virus of pig flu remembered centres of pig livestock breeding in South-East Sulawesi was very small. The region of pig livestock breeding only was in the location transmgration that was occupied by the transmigrant from Bali that was religious non-muslim.

In the meantime, Section Head Health South-East Sulawesi Amin Yohanes said, with the existence of these findings, his side asked that the community increased vigilance to maintain the cleanliness of the environment and guard food that they consumption especially that originated in the poultry and pork.

“We also in fact spread Tamiflu as far as the community health centre for the beginning action if indeed had the report concerning the existence of the spreading to humankind,” said Amen.

Whereas for the level of the province, his side maintained RSUD South-East Sulawesi as the centre of reconciliation for the handling of pig flu plus bird flu. In this hospital was prepared the special room to handle the patient who contracted this virus.

translated

http://www.jurnalnasional.com/show/search?id=newspaper&page=1&rubrik=Nusantara&berita=112546

 

Algeria
•  Algeria reports 3 new death cases of A/H1N1 flu (Link)

Canada
•  Alberta health officials warn of H1N1 third wave (Link)
•  Swine flu putting more kids in hospital (Link)
•  Ottawa confirms 16 more deaths in past 3 days, now 309 dead (Link)

China
•  China confirms A/H1N1 mutations  (Link)
•  Spread of A/H1N1 flu increases in China  (Link)
•  6 patients with H1N1 also got menningitis   (Link)

Congo
•  Unidentified disease kills 3 in Congo (Link)

Czech Republic
•  Czech Republic confirms 8th death, nearly 800 cases (Link)

Egypt
•  Egypt reports a new case of H5N1 flu in Egypt (Link)

France
•  France finds same mutation H1N1 Norway plus Tamiflu mutation (Link)

Maldives
•  Male: More Influenza-A cases reported (Link)

Pakistan
•  At least 3 Hospital staffers down with H1N1 in Peshawar (Link)

Tanzania
•  Confirmation of 142 primary school students confirmed H1N1 cases (Link)

Ukraine
•  Confirmation of 414 deaths from H1N1 so far (Link)

United Kingdom
•  4 persons / day seriously ill arriving at Halifax hospitals still (Link)

United States
•  ID: Idaho confirms 15 deaths in total since pandemic began (Link)
•  MI: Oceana, Michigan woman confirmed new death from H1N1 (Link)
•  OK: Four more die from H1N1 virus (Link)
•  RI: Man Dies After Bout with H1N1 (Link)
•  MN: H1N1 deaths increase, vaccines become available (Link)

General
•  WHO: Vaccine protects against virus mutation (Link)
•  Europe Avoids Vaccine As Deaths Rise (Link)
•  WHO announces more than 1000 deaths officially last week (Link)

Commentary
•  Recombinomics: Worldwide Transmission of D225G (Link)
•  Recombinomics: WHO Mis-statements in D225G and H274Y Raise Concerns (Link)

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