Swine flu vaccine makers may rely on a U.S. emergency declaration to use experimental additives made by GlaxoSmithKline Plc and Novartis AG to boost a limited supply of shots that will be available to fight the pandemic.
The ingredients, known as adjuvants, may be added for the first time to flu shots in the U.S. Health officials, meeting today at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in Atlanta, plan to discuss use of the additives, and may also recommend who should be first to receive the limited amount of vaccines drugmakers say they will begin delivering in October.
The U.S. Health and Human Services Department declared a public health emergency over swine flu in April, and the Food and Drug Administration has the power to allow the use of unapproved medical products during such a crisis. The U.S. has been slow to approve the use of adjuvants because of safety concerns, and for fear of giving Americans an excuse to avoid getting the shots, said John Treanor, a University of Rochester researcher.
“The question is, do you really feel comfortable throwing this new thing into the mix and do you really need to?” said Treanor, a professor of medicine, microbiology and immunology at the school in Rochester, New York. “I myself, if I had to do it, would really wrestle with that decision.”
The CDC agreed to pay London-based Glaxo and Novartis, based in Basel, Switzerland, more than $415 million for adjuvants that could be added to the swine flu vaccines, according to a July 13 statement.
Genetic Changes in Pandemic H1N1 in Brazil Raise Concerns
Recombinomics Commentary 19:40
July 29, 2009
“The family Laguna had eight other cases of swine flu confirmed: mother, father, younger brother, three cousins, grandmother and an aunt of the girl. .
The above translation describes pandemic H1N1 infections in family members of the first confirmed H1N1 fatality in the Sao Paulo metropolitan region. The 11 year old girl, from Osasco (see map) died on June 30 and H1N1 was isolated from her blood on July 3. The HA sequence of the isolate, A/Sao Paulo/43812/2009, was released at Genbank and has three newly acquired polymorphisms. One polymorphism encodes for V252M (H3 numbering) and the nucleotide change is found in a limited number of sequences, including those from the 1918 pandemic. Other human H1N1 sequences include 2006 isolates from Peru and H1N1 isolates in circulation prior to the 1957 H2N2 pandemic. These human isolates have V252I. However, V252M is found in the 2001 swine isolate from Hong Kong, A/swine/Hong Kong/NS1659/2001 (see list here).
Indonesia: Students Show Signs of Bird Flu
July 29, 2009
Malang: The Caretaker of the Islamic boarding school of Babussalam Desa Banjar Rejo, Kecamatan Pagelaran, of Kabupaten Malang, East Java said that most of his students who were sick with signs of bird flu were treated in their respective houses. That was sent by the Caretaker of Boarding School Babussalam, Busthorik, to ELSHINTA, on Wednesday (29/7).
The boarding school personnel informed some parents of the students, especially the students whose conditions did not improve in two days. By being sent home, the students were expected to be able to receive more intensive maintenance. In the boarding school they personally still had dozens of students who were treated in the sick bay or in the students’ rooms. They were separated from healthy students to avoid the spread of the illness. From the available data in the boarding school, around 190 students experienced signs of the high fever, coughing and sore throat. The illness of these students, according to Busthorik, happened almost simultaneously at the time that a number of the residents’ chickens around the boarding school died suddenly.
Mexico: 16 thousand 19 cases of influenza AH1N1
The Secretariat of Health informed that from the 21 to the 28 of July they increased of 14 thousand 861 cases of Influenza A (19 H1N1) confirmed to 16 thousands, lapse in which the deaths from 138 to 142 were increased.
In his weekly report, it detailed that of the 142 deaths, 50,7 percent were women and 49,3 percent men, of which, the 70,4 percent had between 20 and 54 years of age.
Also, it indicated that in all the organizations cases of contagion are registered, being Chiapas to the one that concentrates the greater number of patients, followed by Yucatan, Federal District, Jalisco, Tabasco, Veracruz and Guerrero.
Argentina: 322 deaths confirmed More Death Than US
The report notes that in the midst of a possible new influenza A peak in August, Argentina is the country with more deaths due to influenza in the world. These data come from reports provided by provincial Ministries of Health.
With a total of 322 deaths until today (yesterday), Argentina surpassed the 2 countries that accounted for the greatest number of deaths: Mexico and the USA. The first reports on 138 deaths, although the WHO recorded the last part, 119. U.S. is on the 263 fatalities, while the WHO reports 170. ….
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• VA: 2 Albemarle Co. Employees Have Swine Flu (Link)
• CA: Orange Cty Fair employee diagnosed with swine flu (Link)
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• NV: 3 H1N1 Cases Confirmed at Sierra Nevada Job Corps (Link)
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• MO: Swine flu strikes Lesterville summer camp (Link)
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